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5 Mar 2015. Massive blooms recurred and fish kills were spotted along the Johor Strait, caused losses to of both Malaysian and Singapore’s farm operators .
The events were attributed to Karlodinium australe [Journal article].
Dao, V.H., Phan, V.B., Teng, S.T., Uchida, H., Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Suzuki, T. & Pham, K.Y. 2015. Pseudo-nitzschia fukuyoi (Bacillariophyceae), a domoic acidproducing species from Nha Phu Bay, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. Fisheries Science DOI 10.1007/s12562-015-0864-9 [PDF]
Lim, H.C., Leaw, C.P., Tan, T.H., Kon, N.F., Yek, L.H., Hii, K.S., Teng, S.T., Mohd Razali, R., Usup, G., Iwataki, M., Lim, P.T. 2014. A bloom of Karlodinium australe (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) associated with mass mortality of cage-cultured fishes in West Johor Strait, Malaysia. Harmful Algae 40: 51-62. [PDF]